Mac OSX Keyboard Commands

This is a discussion on Mac OSX Keyboard Commands within the OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks forums, part of the Mac OS X category; Keyboard Control The inside cover of Mac OS X Power Tools contains a list of selected keyboard shorcuts in OS X. Below is a more ...

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  1. #1
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    Mac OSX Keyboard Commands

    Keyboard Control

    The inside cover of Mac OS X Power Tools contains a list of selected keyboard shorcuts in OS X. Below is a more complete list, divided into sections based on where they are applicable. For mouse/keyboard actions, check out the "Modified Mousing" link to the left. (Letter keys are printed here in CAPS for clarity -- you do not need to press the shift key unless explicitly instructed.) (NOTE: This page is in the process of being updated for full Panther compatibility.)

    Startup and Login

    Invoke Open Firmware
    Reset PRAM
    Startup in FireWire Target Disk Mode
    Invoke Startup Manager
    Invoke single-user mode
    Invoke verbose mode
    Boot from CD/DVD
    Boot into OS X (if you previously booted from OS 9 on the same volume)
    shift (immediately at startup)
    Safe boot
    shift (after boot screen, until login screen)
    Override auto-login
    shift (after login screen)
    Safe login
    option+escape, then click on a user
    Present name/password login dialog instead of list of users

    System-wide (various chapters)

    option+volume up/down/mute
    Open Sound preferences
    option+brightness up/down
    Open Display preferences
    Cycle through active keyboard layouts/scripts
    Eject CD/DVD drive (hold down for two seconds)
    return or enter
    Select default button in dialog (OK, Open, Save, etc.)
    escape or command+.
    Exit/cancel dialog
    Log out
    Log out without confirmation dialog
    power button (laptops) or control+eject (desktops)
    Bring up Restart/Sleep/Shut Down dialog
    command+option+eject (desktops)
    Sleep computer immediately
    Bring up Force Quit window
    command+control+eject (desktops)
    Restart immediately (chance to save changes in open documents)
    command+option+control+eject (desktops) or
    command+option+control+power (laptops)
    Shutdown immediately (chance to save changes in open documents)
    command+control+power button
    Force restart (no chance to save changes in open documents)
    hold power button

    Force shutdown (no chance to save changes in open documents)

    Universal Access (must be enabled in Universal Access preferences)

    Toggle zoom (screen magnification) on/off
    Zoom in
    Zoom out
    Toggle display inversion (white-on-black) on/off
    shift (five times)
    Toggle Sticky Keys on/off
    option (five times)
    Toggle Mouse Keys on/off

    Full Keyboard Access

    Toggle Full Keyboard Access on/off
    control+F2 (or control+M)
    Focus keyboard control on menu bar
    control+F3 (or control+D)
    Focus keyboard control on Dock
    control+F4 (or control+W)
    Focus keyboard control on active Window or cycle to next window
    control+F5 (or control+T)
    Focus keyboard control on toolbar
    control+F6 (or control+U)
    Focus keyboard control on palette (utility window)
    In windows and dialogs, switch focus to text boxes/lists/controls
    arrow keys
    Navigate active item
    return, enter, or spacebar
    Select highlighted item
    return or enter
    Select default dialog control (OK, Yes, No, Save, Open, etc.)
    Cancel action, menu, or dialog

    Finder: General

    Open View Options
    Empty Trash (with confirmation dialog)
    Empty Trash (without confirmation dialog)
    Bring up Find dialog
    Bring up Connect to Server dialog

    Finder: Files and Folders

    New Folder in active Finder window (including the Desktop)
    arrow keys
    Navigate items in active Finder window
    Select next/previous file or folder (alphabetically)
    type name of file/folder
    Select that file/folder
    Edit file/folder name
    Open selected item(s)
    Open Get Info window for selected item(s)
    Open File Inspector window
    Duplicate selected item(s)
    Create alias(es) for selected item(s)
    command+R (for aliases)
    Show target of selected alias ("reveal original")
    Add selected item(s) to Favorites (creates alias in Favorites folder)
    Move selected item(s) to Trash
    command+down arrow
    Open item(s); add option key to close current folder
    command+up arrow
    Switch to enclosing folder (if no windows are open, opens new window to Home); add option key to close current folder
    option+right arrow/left arrow (folders in list view)
    Toggle disclosure triangle for selected folder(s) open/closed
    command+option+right arrow/left arrow (folders in list view)
    Toggle disclosure triangle for all folder(s) open/closed

    Finder: Windows

    New Finder window
    View active window as Icons/List/Columns
    control+tab or control+I (in list view)
    Change column sorting; cycles columns left to right (add shift key to cycle right to left)
    Show/hide window toolbar for active window
    Go to Computer / Home / iDisk / Applications / Favorites in active window (a new window will be opened if necessary)
    Bring up "Go to Folder" dialog in active window (a new window will be opened if necessary)
    command+[ or command+]
    Go back or forward in window view history
    Close active Finder window
    Close all Finder windows

    Finder: Volumes/Media

    Eject volume/disc

    Open/Save Dialog Shortcuts

    Switch between browser and text fields
    arrow keys, page up/down
    Navigate in browser
    Create new folder in the current directory
    Change directory to Desktop
    Change directory to /Applications
    Change directory to Computer view (list of volumes)
    Change directory to Favorites folder
    Change directory to Home folder
    Change directory to iDisk (mounts iDisk if necessary)


    Toggle Dock auto-hide on/off
    Cycle through active applications; each tab press while holding command changes the application once. Add the shift key to cycle backwards. As long as you keep the command key pressed, you can also quit or hide applications as you cycle through them.

    Applications, including the Finder

    Hide current application
    Hide all other applications
    Minimize active window to the Dock
    Minimize all windows in active application to the Dock
    Cycle through current application's windows (add the shift to cycle backwards)
    Open application preferences dialog (not universal yet, but becoming more common)


    (By default, screenshots are saved to the Desktop in PDF format; add the control key to any of the combinations below to copy the screenshot to the clipboard instead; you can then paste it into any graphics application -- such as OS X's Preview -- and save it in any format you prefer.)
    Full screenshot
    Crosshair to allow selection of screenshot area
    command+shift+4, then spacebar
    Camera to capture specific screen object

    Text-related shortcuts in Cocoa applications

    bindkey <RETURN>
    in Terminal for complete list (in the list, ^ means the control key).


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  3. #2
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    List Of 175 Mac OS X Terminal Commands

    The Terminal is a program included with all versions of Mac OS X. To launch terminal goto Applications and click Utilities folder.Terminal is originated in Mac OS X’s predecessors, NeXTSTEP and OPENSTEP, and allows the user to interact with the computer through a command line interface. By default it provides a bash shell.


    Mac Os X Tips & Tricks

    Here is a list of 175 common Mac OS X commands for power users,

    alias - Create an alias
    alloc - List used and free memory
    awk – Find and Replace text within file(s)
    basename – Convert a full pathname to just a folder path
    bash - Bourne-Again SHell (Linux)
    bless - Set volume bootability and startup disk options.
    break - Exit from a loop
    cal – Display a calendar
    case – Conditionally perform a command
    cat – Display the contents of a file
    cd - Change Directory
    chflags - Change a file or folder’s flags.
    chgrp - Change group ownership
    chmod - Change access permissions
    chown - Change file owner and group
    chroot – Run a command with a different root directory
    cksum – Print CRC checksum and byte counts
    clear - Clear terminal screen
    cmp – Compare two files
    comm – Compare two sorted files line by line
    complete – Edit a command completion [word/pattern/list]
    continue – Resume the next iteration of a loop
    cp - Copy one or more files to another location
    cron – Daemon to execute scheduled commands
    crontab - Schedule a command to run at a later date/time
    cut - Divide a file into several parts
    date - Display or change the date & time
    dc – Desk Calculator
    dd – Data Dump – Convert and copy a file
    df - Display free disk space
    diff – Display the differences between two files
    diff3 – Show differences among three files
    dirname- Convert a full pathname to just a path
    dirs Di – play list of remembered directories
    diskutil - Disk utilities – Format, Verify, Repair
    ditto – Copy files and folders
    dscl – Directory Service command line utility
    du - Estimate file space usage
    echo - Display message on screen
    ed - A line-oriented text editor (edlin)
    enable – Stop or start printers and classes.
    env – Set environment and run a utility
    eval – Evaluate several commands/arguments
    exec - Execute a command
    exit - Exit the shell
    expect – Programmed dialogue with interactive programs
    expand - Convert tabs to spaces
    expr - Evaluate expressions
    false - Do nothing, unsuccessfully
    fdisk - Partition table manipulator for Darwin UFS/HFS/DOS
    find - Search for files that meet a desired criteria
    fmt – Reformat paragraph text
    fold - Wrap text to fit a specified width
    for – Expand words, and execute commands
    foreach - Loop, expand words, and execute commands
    fsck - Filesystem consistency check and repair
    fs – usage Filesystem usage (process/pathname)
    ftp - Internet file transfer program
    GetFileInfo - Get attributes of HFS+ files
    getopt - Parse positional parameters
    goto – Jump to label and continue execution
    grep - Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
    groups – Print group names a user is in
    gzip - Compress or decompress files
    head - Display the first lines of a file
    hdiutil – Manipulate iso disk images
    history - Command History
    hostname - Print or set system name
    id – Print user and group names/id’s
    if – Conditionally perform a command
    info – Help info
    install - Copy files and set attributes
    jobs – List active jobs
    join - Join lines on a common field
    kill – Stop a process from running
    l - List files in long format (ls -l)
    ll - List files in long format, showing invisible files (ls -la)
    less - Display output one screen at a time
    ln - Make links between files (hard links, symbolic links)
    locate - Find files
    logname – Print current login name
    login - log into the computer
    logout - Exit a login shell (bye)
    lpr - Print files
    lprm - Remove jobs from the print queue
    lpstat – Printer status information
    ls – List information about file(s)
    lsbom – List a bill of materials file
    lsof - List open files
    man - Help manual
    mkdir – Create new folder(s)
    mkfifo – Make FIFOs (named pipes)
    more - Display output one screen at a time
    mount - Mount a file system
    mv - Move or rename files or directories
    net – Manage network resources
    nice – Set the priority of a command
    nohup - Run a command immune to hangups
    onintr – Control the action of a shell interrupt
    open - Open a file/folder/URL/Application
    osascript – Execute AppleScript
    passwd - Modify a user password
    paste - Merge lines of files
    pbcopy - Copy data to the clipboard
    pbpaste - Paste data from the Clipboard
    pico - Simple text editor
    ping - Test a network connection
    pmset - Power Management settings
    popd - Restore the previous value of the current directory
    pr – Convert text files for printing
    printenv - Print environment variables
    printf - Format and print data
    ps - Process status
    pushd - Save and then change the current directory
    pwd - Print Working Directory
    quota - Display disk usage and limits
    rcp – Copy files between machines.
    repeat - Execute a command multiple times
    rm - Remove files
    rmdir - Remove folder(s)
    rpm – Remote Package Manager
    rsync - Remote file copy – Sync file tree (also RsyncX)
    say - Convert text to audible speech
    sched – Schedule a command to run at a later time.
    screencapture - Capture screen image to file or disk
    sdiff – Merge two files interactively
    security - Administer Keychains, keys, certificates and the Security framework
    sed – Stream Editor
    set – Set a shell variable = value
    setenv - Set an environment variable = value
    setfile – Set attributes of HFS+ files
    shift – Shift positional parameters
    shutdown - Shutdown or restart OS X
    sleep - Delay for a specified time
    softwareupdate - System software update tool
    sort – Sort text files
    split - Split a file into fixed-size pieces
    stop - Stop a job or process
    su - Substitute user identity
    sudo - Execute a command as another user
    sum – Print a checksum for a file
    switch - Conditionally perform a command
    tail - Output the last part of files
    tar - Tape ARchiver
    tee - Redirect output to multiple files
    test – Condition evaluation
    time – Measure Program Resource Use
    touch - Change file timestamps
    traceroute - Trace Route to Host
    tr - Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
    true - Do nothing, successfully
    tty - Print filename of terminal on stdin
    type - Describe a command
    umask – Users file creation mask
    umount - a device
    unalias - Remove an alias
    uname – Print system information
    unexpand - Convert spaces to tabs
    uniq - Uniquify files
    units - Convert units from one scale to another
    unset - Remove variable or function names
    unsetenv - Remove environment variable
    users - Print login names of users currently logged in
    uuencode - Encode a binary file
    uudecode - Decode a file created by uuencode
    vi – Text Editor
    wc - Print byte, word, and line counts
    where - Report all known instances of a command
    which – Locate a program file in the user’s path
    while - Execute commands
    who - Print all usernames currently logged on
    whoami - Print the current user id and name (`id -un’)
    xargs - Execute utility – passing arguments
    yes - Print a string until interrupted


  4. #3
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    However long did it take you to format that list???

  5. #4
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    Copy and paste my friend!!

    And some highlighting as well, no big deal....

    Sent from my iPhone 4 via TapaTalk
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    ADC Member and Beta Tester

  6. #5
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    Another list of more commands here: Keyboard shortcuts - Mac Guides
    Mac Pro '08
    2013 27" iMAC. 10.11.4 32g
    Apple Server Beta
    iPad Pro
    Ipad1, 3 and iPad Air 7.1. Ipod2, 4s. iPhone 5 - IOS 8.2-- Apple Tv 4th Gen.
    ADC Member and Beta Tester

  7. #6
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    24 Multi-Touch Gestures for Mac OS X

    Most Macs have multi-touch capabilities these days, allowing for gestures to perform common tasks that would otherwise require keyboard shortcuts or additional clicking about. To use the gestures, you’ll obviously need a Mac with multitouch capabilities, that means either a newish laptop with a trackpad, Magic Trackpad, or Magic Mouse. Some gestures require OS X Lion or later to use, and some gestures may have to be enabled manually in the System Preferences > Trackpad control panel. Without further ado, here’s a bunch of helpful gestures for Mac OS X and commonly used Mac apps:

    Finder, Mission Control, and Desktop

    Push Windows Aside to Show Desktop – Four Finger Spread
    Activate Mission Control – Four Finger Swipe up
    Switch Desktops & Full Screen Apps – Three finger swipe left or right
    Mission Control All Windows for Current Application – Four Finger swipe down
    Zoom Into Window in Mission Control – Two finger swipe up over window
    Open Launchpad – Four finger pinch
    Drag Windows – Three finger hold and drag over window bar
    Tap to Click – Tap with a single finger
    Right-Click – Two finger click
    Scroll – Two finger swipe in direction to scroll

    Safari, Chrome, Firefox

    Zoom In & Increase Font Size – Spread
    Zoom Out & Decrease Font Size – Pinch
    Go Back – Two Finger swipe right
    Go Forward – Two Finger swipe left
    Look Up Word in Dictionary – Three fingered double tap over word (Safari only)
    Smart Zoom – Two finger double tap (Safari only)

    Quick Look & QuickTime Player

    Enter Full Screen – Spread
    Exit Full Screen – Pinch
    Scrub Video – Two finger swipe right or left (QuickTime only)


    Rotate Image – Two finger rotate gesture
    Zoom Into Image – Spread
    Zoom Out Image – Pinch


    Flip Calendar Pages – Two finger swipe left or right (iCal)
    Refresh Tweet Stream – Two finger pull down (Twitter)



  8. #7
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    10 Essential Keyboard Shortcuts for the Open & Save Dialog in Mac OS X

    The next time you end up in an Open or Save dialog window in Mac OS X, try out a few of these helpful keyboard shortcuts to make navigating around the dialog and filesystem much faster:

    Spacebar – View the selected item in Quick Look

    Command+D – Selects Desktop as the destination

    Command+Shift+H – Sets the Home directory as the destination

    Command+Shift+A – Sets Applications directory as the destination

    Command+Shift+. – Toggle invisible items

    Command+Shift+G – Bring up Go To Folder window

    Tab – Tab key auto-completes paths and file names from the aforementioned Go To window

    Command+R – Open the selected item in the Finder

    Command+F – Move the cursor to the Find field

    Command+. – Close the Open/Save dialog window



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