8 Simple Tips to Secure a Mac from Malware, Viruses, & Trojans

This is a discussion on 8 Simple Tips to Secure a Mac from Malware, Viruses, & Trojans within the OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks forums, part of the Mac OS X category; The recent outbreak of the Flashback trojan has brought a lot of attention to potential viruses and trojans hitting the Mac platform. Most of what ...

Results 1 to 2 of 2
  1. #1
    Administrator
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    Location
    Northern Michigan
    Posts
    25,446
    Member #
    1529
    Liked
    317 times

    8 Simple Tips to Secure a Mac from Malware, Viruses, & Trojans




    The recent outbreak of the Flashback trojan has brought a lot of attention to potential viruses and trojans hitting the Mac platform. Most of what you’ll read is overblown fear mongering hype, and practically all Mac malware has come through third party utilities and applications. What that means for the average user is that it’s very easy to completely prevent infections and attacks from occurring in the first place, especially when combined with some general security tips. Without further ado, here are eight simple ways to secure a Mac to help prevent viruses, trojans, and malware from effecting you:

    1) Disable Java


    Flashback and other malware has installed through Java security breaches. Apple has already released several updates to patch the Java security holes that allowed Flashback to spread (you should install those), but you can also go a step further and completely disable Java on the Mac. Frankly, the average person doesn’t need Java installed on their Mac let alone active in their web browser, disable it and you don’t have to worry about security holes in older versions of the software impacting your Mac.

    1a) Disable Java in Safari

    Open Safari and pull down the Safari menu, selecting “Preferences”

    Click on the “Security” tab and uncheck the box next to “Enable Java”






    Disabling Java in the Safari browser is reasonably effective, but why not go a step further and disable it in Mac OS X completely? Chances are high that you won’t miss it, let alone notice it’s disabled.

    1b) Disable Java System-Wide in Mac OS X

    Open the Applications folder and then open the Utilities folder

    Launch the “Java Preferences” application

    Uncheck the box next to “Enable applet plug-in and Web Start applications”

    Uncheck all the boxes next to “Java SE #” in the list below






    2) Update Apps and OS X Software Regularly


    Apple regularly issues Security Updates and many third party apps do as well, therefore regularly updating both your OS X System Software and OS X apps are one of the single best preventative measures you can take to keep a Mac secure. We’ve hammered home about this repeatedly as a general Mac OS X maintenance tip because it’s important and so easy to do:

    Open Software Update from the  Apple menu and install updates when available

    Open the App Store and download available updates


    3) Disable or Remove Adobe Acrobat Reader


    Adobe Acrobat Reader has had multiple security breaches recently, therefore you’ll be safer without it in your web browser. There’s little reason to have Reader installed on a Mac anyway, OS X includes Preview for viewing PDF’s. Uninstall Adobe Acrobat Reader by running the bundled uninstaller app, or locate the following file and remove it to uninstall the Acrobat browser plugin:

    /Library/Internet Plug-ins/AdobePDFViewer.plugin


    4) Install Anti-Virus Software for Mac OS X


    Using anti-virus software on the Mac is likely overkill, but it’s worth mentioning again. We’ve talked about the free Sophos anti-virus here before, and though you probably won’t ever need it, it’s a free and effective way to fight viruses that may end up on the Mac. If you’re the cautious type and you’d rather be safe than sorry there isn’t much harm to using it as a preventative measure:

    Download Sophos Anti-Virus for Mac


    5) Disable Adobe Flash / Use a Flash Block Plugin


    Flash has been used as an attack vector in the past, and Macs stopped shipping with Flash installed for a reason; basically it’s a crash-prone battery hog that has occasional security breaches. Many sites use Flash for video and games though, so instead of uninstalling Flash completely we’ll recommend using a Flash block plugin for your web browser. This causes all Flash to be disabled by default until you click to allow individual plugins and instances of the Flash plugin to run, preventing unauthorized Flash from running in a web browser completely. These plugins are free and available for every major browser:

    ClickToFlash for Safari

    FlashBlock for Chrome

    FlashBlock for Firefox





    6) Disable Automatic File Opening After Download


    Safari defaults to automatically opening “safe” files after they’re downloaded. For added security, disable this feature and manage the opening of downloads yourself:

    Open Safari preferences and click the General tab

    Uncheck the box next to “Open ‘safe’ files after downloading”






    7) Double-Check Anti-Malware Definitions are Enabled


    OS X automatically downloads and maintains a malware definition list which is actively used to combat potential threats and attacks. This is enabled by default, but you can double-check to make sure you’re getting the updates as they arrive by insuring the feature is turned on:

    Open System Preferences and click on “Security & Privacy”

    Under the General tab look for “Automatically update safe downloads list” and make sure it is checked

    You can also check the update list manually if you’re concerned the latest version hasn’t been installed, but as long as you have the feature enabled and have regular internet access, it probably is.


    8 ) Don’t Install Random Software You Didn’t Ask For


    If you see a random pop-up window asking you to install random software you didn’t request, don’t install it! This may sound like common sense, but it’s actually how some Mac malware propagated in the past. Apple patched the hole that allowed for that to happen a while ago, but the overall message is still relevant: if you didn’t download or request an app to be installed and you’re suddenly confronted with an installation dialog, don’t install it.


    4-7-12

    Source

  2. Ads

    Posts
    Many

  3. #2
    Administrator
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    Location
    Northern Michigan
    Posts
    25,446
    Member #
    1529
    Liked
    317 times

    Detect FlashBack Malware in Mac OS X the Easy Way




    A new application has been released which makes checking a Mac for the Flashback malware infection as simple as clicking a button. This is a huge help for assisting less tech savvy people for checking their Macs, though if you follow us you probably already checked for the Flashback trojan using the manual Terminal method. This new app-based detection method is very nontechnical and is just a two step process:

    Download FlashbackChekcer from Github

    Unzip and run the FlashbackChecker application, and click the giant “Check for Flashback Infection” button

    If the “No Signs of infection were found” message appears you are safe, and the chances are extraordinarily good that you will not have the infection. If you see a “Potential Issue found” message, you may have the malware, though this is exceedingly rare and we haven’t heard of a single confirmed case in our sizable readership.

    Just because you don’t have the infection doesn’t mean you should become complacent though. Be sure to update to the latest versions of Java for OS X, and don’t miss our post on eight simple tips to protect a Mac from viruses, trojans, and malware, a little prevention goes a long way.


    4-9-12

    Source

Remove Ads

Ads

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  

Similar Threads

  1. Malware infects Macs through Microsoft Office vulnerability
    By sparkyscott21 in forum Apple for Business
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 03-30-2012, 04:28 PM
  2. Secure Empty Trash in Mac OS X Lion
    By sparkyscott21 in forum OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 02-03-2012, 04:17 PM
  3. 80 handy OS X Lion tips and tricks lots of good reading in here for tips and tricks
    By sparkyscott21 in forum OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 12-08-2011, 01:33 PM
  4. Mac Tip: Secure Empty Trash In Mac OS X Lion
    By sparkyscott21 in forum OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 11-15-2011, 04:30 AM
  5. 8 Simple Tips to Speed Up an Old Mac
    By in forum OS X How-To's, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 12-31-1969, 07:00 PM

Contact Us
Back to top